نقطة الإرتباط الكويتية لمشاريع البيئة
Kuwait National Focal Point For Environmental Projects

UNCC Follow-up Programme for Environmental Awards

UNCC Follow-up Programme for Environmental Awards

More than 700 oil wells were set on fire as the Iraqi forces retreated from Kuwait at the end of the 1990 Gulf conflict, with an estimated 6 million barrels of oil per day burning for nearly ten months.  Additionally, the construction of oil trenches; the piping of oil into the waters of the Persian Gulf; the laying of ordnance; the military mobilization of the Allied Forces; the movement of refugees; and even the extinguishing of the oil fires itself caused environmental damage throughout the region.

Recognizing the unprecedented damage to the environment, paragraph 16 of Security Council resolution 687 (1991) affirmed that Iraq was liable under international law "for any direct loss, damage, including environmental damage and the depletion of natural resources, or injury to foreign Governments, nationals and corporations, as a result of Iraq’s unlawful invasion and occupation of Kuwait.” (emphasis added)

Approximately US$4.3 billion was awarded by the UNCC to the Governments of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the State of Kuwait and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in relation to environmental remediation and restoration claims.

These remediation and restoration awards were based on of the reports of the panel of commissioners that not only recommended the award amounts but also the technical elements for projects to be undertaken with the award funds. These technical elements included details such as specific geographical areas for remediation or restoration, technological approaches, and restoration objectives.

Given the unique nature of these environmental awards, the Follow-up Programme for Environmental Awards (the Programme) was established by the UNCC Governing Council under decision 258 (2005) to monitor both the financial and technical implementation of environmental projects being undertaken by the participating Governments with the award funds to ensure financial transparency and technical compliance with the F4 Panel recommendations.

The Programme was set up at the request of the Government of Iraq, with the full support of the participating Governments (i.e., Iran, Jordan, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia), and was in fact funded by the four Governments from a prorated portion of their respective F4 awards allowed for administration.  Thirteen environment remediation and restoration claims, as well as some monitoring and assessment claims, were covered under the Programme.

Attached to decision 258 are detailed guidelines for the Programme.  Each participating Government was required to:

establish a National Focal Point (NFP) to co-ordinate the projects;

retain Independent Reviewers (IRs), approved by the UNCC;

submit biannual reports to the UNCC on work progress, financial and environmental performance of the projects;

for projects in excess of US$50 million, submit technical and financial phasing plans for the approval of the Governing Council before commencement of the project;

seek approval for modifications to the remediation/restoration approaches as recommended by the F4 Panel of Commissioners.

INSERT HERE:  [for more information, visit: https://www.uncc.ch/follow-programme-environmental-awards-0]